Jump to content
Sign in to follow this  
Azhar Shahzad

Introduction to Traversing - Open and closed Traverses

Recommended Posts


It is the method of establishing horizontal controls.


Traverse is a series of connected lines forming or not forming a loop. In the first case it is called closed traverse (when the loop is formed) and in the second case it called open traverse (when loop is not formed).


Vertical Control

That is the reference point in vertical plane, it includes series of bench marks and points of known elevations.

Horizontal Control

It is the series of points in the horizontal plane of known co-ordinates.

Types of Traversing

Traversing can be further divided into two categories depending upon the type of instrument used,

  • Compass Traversing
  • Theodolite Traversing

1) Compass Traversing

When prismatic compass is used for determining the direction of line, the method is called compass compass Traversing.

2) Theodolite Traversing

When theodolite is used for measurement of angles or directions, the method is called theodolite traversing.

By direction of line we mean the bearing of that line.

Share this post

Link to post
Share on other sites

What is the definition for open traverses?

Share this post

Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now

Sign in to follow this